The concept of creating machines that can operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century  Throughout history, it has been frequently assumed that robots will one day be able to mimic human behavior and manage tasks in a human-like fashion. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as technological advances continue; researching, designing, and building new robots serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. Many robots are built to do jobs that are hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, finding survivors in unstable ruins, and exploring mines and shipwrecks. Robotics is also used in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) as a teaching aid.

Robots that use artificial intelligence interact with their environment on their own without a control source, and can determine reactions to objects and problems they encounter using their preexisting programming. Hybrid is a form of programming that incorporates both AI and RC functions.


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Nature of the subject

Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering, computer science, and others. Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.

What do you Study in this ?

Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.


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When and How

  • First-year computer science courses at some universities now include programming of a robot in addition to traditional software engineering-based coursework.Universities offer bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees in the field of robotics.
  • Vocational schools offer robotics training aimed at careers in robotics.
  • The Robotics Certification Standards Alliance (RCSA) is an international robotics certification authority that confers various industry- and educational-related robotics certifications.
  • Several national summer camp programs include robotics as part of their core curriculum. In addition, youth summer robotics programs are frequently offered by celebrated museums and institutions.
  • There are lots of competitions all around the globe. One of the most important competitions is the FLL or FIRST Lego League. The idea of this specific competition is that kids start developing knowledge and getting into robotics while playing with Legos since they are 9 years old. This competition is associated with Ni or National Instruments.
  • Many schools across the country are beginning to add robotics programs to their after school curriculum. Some major programs for afterschool robotics include FIRST Robotics Competition, Botball and B.E.S.T. Robotics. Robotics competitions often include aspects of business and marketing as well as engineering and design.
  • The Lego company began a program for children to learn and get excited about robotics at a young age.

Top educational Institutions

Top Robotics Courses in India

  • BE Robotics Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology, Chandigarh
  • BE Robotics Lord Jegannath College of Engineering and Technology, Kanyakumari
  • BE Robotics Amity University, Gurgaon, Gurgaon; Integrated B.Tech and M.Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
  • BE Robotics SGT University, Gurgaon; B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering (Robotics and Automation)
  • BE Robotics Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Maduravoyal, Chennai; B.Tech in Robotics and Automation Engineering
  • BE Robotics The Neotia University, Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata; B.Tech in Robotics Engineering
  • BE Robotics Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Kelambakkam, Chennai; B.Tech in Robotics and Control
Post graduation
  • Master’s Programme in Robotics Engineering IIT (Kanpur, Mumbai, Madras, Delhi, Kharagpur, Allahabad)
  • M. Tech in Automation and Robotics University College of Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad
  • M. Tech in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
  • ME Robotics Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • ME in CAD/CAM and Robotics Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
  • ME in Computer Science, with robotics as a subject The Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani
  • M. Tech Mechanical, with robotics as an elective subject PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
  • M. Tech Robotics SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu
  • ME in Automation & Robotics University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Mumbai/Dehradun
  • ME Mechanical, with robotics as a subject Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Diploma in Embedded System and Robotics (autonomous programme) Appin Technology Lab, Mumbai/Bangalore/Pune
  • M. Tech in Automation & Robotics Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science
  • ME Robotics Jadavpur University, Kolkata

Jobs and Careers

Job prospects are bright for aspiring robotics engineers, as every industry begin to use robotics to reap its benefits in the form of quality improvement and cost-effectiveness. Today chemicals, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and food and beverages industry also embraced the technology. Robotics engineers, trainers, programmers, supervisors, and robot operators can now choose from an array of opportunities.Aspirants can also explore opportunities with blue chip government of India companies like ISRO, DRDO, and BHEL as robotics specialists.

Global Companies like Lockheed Martin, Google, Intel, NASA, and Tesla are always interested in hiring people from this field.

For a expertise in the field sky is the limit.

Digital Transformation is an existential imperative that organisations across sector have embarked upon, in recent years. Awareness of current technology trends and development methodologies are needed to be relevant to today’s enterprise IT environments. Artificial Intelligence systems, Robotics, that were until recently largely in academic research labs have suddenly moved into the mainstream. Added to this, over the past year, is the rapid emergence of AI/ML-based solutions in the mainstream enterprise space. And therefore opportunities in robotics engineering will only increase from here.


International opportunities

Carnegie-Mellon University

The Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University was established in 1979 to conduct basic and applied research in robotics technologies. This university offers degree in M.S. in Robotic Systems Development & the MRSD combines technical skills and engineering with an emphasis on business and project management. The benefit of pursuing this degree is that an individual can work in the commercial sector as well as in marketing and product development.

Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology is undoubtedly one of the top colleges in the United States. The vision of this university is improve the human condition through advanced science and technology. M.S. in Computer Science; Computational Perception & Robotics is offered by this university, which will teach Robot Intelligence which include Planning, Machine Learning, and Computational Photography.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

It offers a graduate program in Electrical Engineering Computer Science – Artificial Intelligence Research Area. Under it, there are several laboratories, institutes, and research groups; The Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) is the largest research center at MIT, more than 1, 000 members, 100 principle investigators, and approximately 50 research groups are the part of CSAIL.

Johns Hopkins University

Students who are looking for a Robotics MSE and Robotics and Computer-Integrated Surgery  degree should consider Johns Hopkins University. Laboratory for Computational Sensing and Robotics (LCSR) is a academic center for engineering, research and development. The idea of this university is to share knowledge and encourage discoveries so that it makes the world a better place.

University of Pennsylvania

University of Pennsylvania serves Undergraduate and Master’s Degree in Robotics (ROBO). General robotics, automation, sensing, and perception (GRASP) laboratory is an academic and research center within the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania.