Electrical Engineering

Nature of the subject

The academic degree with a major in electrical engineering may be B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) or B.Tech. (Bachelor of Technology) at undergraduate level with a tenure of 4 years. The post graduate degree being M.Tech. or M.Eng. or M.Sc. with a tenure of 1-2 years. Some institutions also offer 5-year integrated programs with bachelors plus masters degree. The students may also go for doing PHD after completing Masters or get admitted to PHD directly after completing bachelor’s degree under programs designed by certain universities.

The bachelor’s degree generally includes subjects covering physics, mathematics, computer science, management and various topics in electrical engineering. At some institutions electronics engineering is included as a part of the degree, better known as Electrical and Electronics Engineering.

What do you Study in this ?

An electrical engineer is someone who designs and develops new electrical systems, solves problems and tests equipment. They study and apply the physics and mathematics of electricity, electromagnetism and electronics to both large and small scale systems to process information and transmit energy.An undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering includes subjects from different segments like physics, mathematics, ethics, computer science, environment studies, management, and modules from the major electrical engineering consisting of the following units:

  • Engineering Mathematics: basic mathematical knowledge required for understanding and solving the problems related to engineering.
  • Networks and systems: which deals with the basic and fundamental study and understanding of electrical networks and circuits.
  • Signals and Systems: which deals with the generation, modulation and analysis of signals and the responses in different systems.
  • Analog and Digital Electronics: it is the branch of electronics that deals with continuously variable signals (Analog) and digital signals.
  • Power Systems: which deals with the generation, transmission and distribution of electric power along with its analysis and protection.
  • Electrical Machines: which deals with the working, testing and control of electromagnetic machines which may be static like transformer, or dynamic like generator or motor, and other (special) electrical machines.
  • Power Electronics: which deals with the application of solid-state electronics to the control and conversion of electrical power.
  • Control Systems: which deals with the modelling and analysis of dynamic systems which are designed to perform in a specific or pre-defined manner.
  • Measurement and Instrumentation: which deals with the design of devices used for measuring physical quantities like current, voltage, power etc.

The subjects may vary depending on the curriculum of different institutions.

Top educational Institutions

Top Educational Institutes in India:

  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Delhi
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Madras
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani 
  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Guwahati
  • Delhi Technological University
  • IIT Varanasi

Top Educational Institutes Worldwide:

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
  • Stanford University, USA
  • University of California, Berkeley, USA
  • University of Cambridge, UK
  • Imperial College London, UK
  • Harvard University, USA
  • University of Oxford, UK
  • Tsinghua University, China
  • University of California, LA, USA
  • National University of Singapore, Singapore

Jobs and Careers

The best thing about being an electrical engineer is that the graduates may land into a job in different industries like construction, manufacturing, design, research and development etc. Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the deployment of electrical systems and electronic devices. Jobs exist in both private and government or public sector. In India, large number of jobs exist in government sector for electrical engineers.

Private Jobs:

May be applied for through campus placements or off-campus job drives of various private companies. Some of the companies that offer job in core electrical engineering are ABB, Siemens, General Electric, L&T etc.

Public Sector Jobs:

Many jobs exist in the public sector, in PSUs like NTPC, NHPC, PGCIL, POSOCO, ONGC etc. which recruit mainly through GATE Examination. The gate examination is held in February every year and the minimum qualification required for it is that the person should at least be a final year engineering undergraduate student.

The person may also apply for doing masters in other institutes like IIT, IISc, IIST etc. or he/she might also apply for government agencies like DRDO through GATE exam.

Electrical engineers use physics and electromagnetism to design devices that are powered by or produce electricity. Electrical engineers work on things ranging from small pocket devices to large aircraft electrical systems. Nearly every industry has a place for an electrical engineer, including government, transportation, communications, technology and utilities.

Education Progression

To become an electrical engineer:

  • You are required to do your senior secondary or class 12 by taking non-medical, including the subjects Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
  • Then you are required to take the JEE MAINS, JEE ADVANCE, etc. to get admission into an engineering college.
  • You are required to take B.Tech or B.E. in Electrical Engineering which has a tenure of 4 years.
  • After this you may go for higher studies i.e. Masters and PHD; or you may do a job.
  • For taking admission into masters, the students are required to give the GATE Exam.



The Specializtion areas in Electrical Engineering may be:

  • Power Systems
  • Control Systems
  • Electrophysics
  • Microelectronics
  • Signal Processing and Communication
  • Avionics
  • Computer Engineering
  • Solid State Circuit Devices and Materials
  • Electromagnetics and  Photonics
  • Bio-Electrical

The specializations may differ depending on what is offered by different institutions.