Nature of the subject

  • Astronomy/Astrophysics
  • Classical Physics
  • Low Temperature Physics
  • Plasma Physics
  • Quantum Physics
  • Atomic & Solid State Physics
  • Relativistic Physics
  • Macromolecular “Biology”
  • Accelerator Physics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • High Energy Particle Physics

Top educational Institutions

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics,
  • Atmospheric Physics.

Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), Mumbai

Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), Allahabad

  • Theoretical Physics
  • Astrophysics

Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam

  • Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter (Experimental and Theoretical)
  • Radiation Damage and Accelerator-based Research
  • Sensors and Applications
  • Science and Technology of Nanomaterials
  • Computational Materials Science
  • Reactor Physics
  • Radiation Physics and Atmospheric Science

Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bangalore

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Astronomical Instrumentation
  • Optics
  • Atomic Physics


Indian Institute of Science (IISc.), Bangalore

  • Condensed Matter Physics (Experiments and Theory)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics (Theoretical)
  • Atomic and Optical Physics (Experimental)
  • Bio crystallography and Bio-informatics
  • High Energy Physics (Theoretical)


Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali

  • Quantum Theory
  • Quantum Information Processing
  • NMR-Methodology
  • Optics
  • Statistical Mechanics
  • Quantum Thermodynamics
  • Non-linear Dynamics
  • String Theory
  • Ultrafast Physics
  • Low Temperature Mesoscopic Physics


Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune:

  • Field Theory
  • Theoretical Particle Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Non-linear Dynamics
  • Complex Systems and Networks
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Quantum Information Processing
  • Radio Astrophysics
  • Atomic Physics and Quantum Optics
  • Energy Studies
  • Solar and Plasma Physics
  • Nanoscience
  • Scanning Probe Techniques
  • Semiconductor Physics and Devices


Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Thiruvananthapuram:

  • Experimental Condensed Matter: Magnetic and Superconducting materials
  • Nanoscience and Energy materials
  • Photonics
  • Soft Condensed Matter
  • Semiconductor Physics and Devices
  • Surface Sciences and Nano-scale Plasmonics
  • Terahertz and Ultrafast Spectroscopy
  • Theory: Cosmology, Classical and Quantum Gravity
  • Gravitational Wave Physics
  • Quantum Information Theory
  • Quantum Field Theory
  • Statistical Physics

Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), Chennai

  • Theoretical Physics
  • Theoretical Computer Science


Institute of Physics (IOP), Bhubaneswar

  • Physics (Condensed Matter, Nuclear and High Energy Physics) and Accelerator-based Research


Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar

  • Physics (Experimental and Theoretical)


Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune

  • Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore

  • Experimental and Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical Mechanics
  • Materials Science


National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA-TIFR), Pune

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar

  • Theoretical High Energy Physics and Lattice QCD
  • Experimental High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics (Theory and Experiment)
  • Optics and Metamaterials


Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad

  • Theoretical Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Solar Physics
  • Space and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Planetary Science and Geo-Sciences


Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore

  • Lasers and their Applications,
  • Laser Plasma Interaction
  • Cold Atom Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics (Superconductivity and Magnetism, Crystals and Thin Films)
  • Nanomaterials and Applications
  • Non-linear and Ultrafast Optical Studies
  • Beam Physics
  • Free Electron Laser


Raman Research Institute (RRI), Bangalore

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Light and Matter Physics,
  • Soft Condensed Matter Physics (Liquid Crystals, Physics in Biology)
  • Theoretical Physics

Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Kolkata

  • Condensed Matter Physics (Theory and Experiments)
  • Nuclear Physics (Theory and Experiments)
  • High Energy Physics (Theory and Experiments)
  • Astroparticle Physics
  • Quantum Gravity
  • String Theory
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Materials Science (Surface Science and Plasma Physics)


Satyendra Nath Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences (SNBNCBS), Kolkata

  • Astrophysics and Cosmology
  • Chemical and Biological Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics and Material Science
  • High Energy Physics and Quantum Field Theory
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Nanoscience
  • Quantum Optics and
  • Quantum Information
  • Statistical Physics
  • Complex Systems


UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research (UGC-DAE CSR), Indore

  • Surfaces
  • Interfaces
  • Thin Films and Nanomaterials
  • Physics at Low Temperatures and High Magnetic Fields
  • X-ray
  • Optical and Electron Spectroscopic Studies Using Synchrotron and Laboratory Sources
  • High Spin States
  • Nuclear Reactions



Jobs and Careers

There exists many branches and interdisciplinary fields of physics – many of which are related to research-intensive careers. After graduating with a major in physics, there are many career options available to choose from, but how do you know which one is right for you? To answer this question, one must consider the various occupations that can be linked to pure physics, and interdisciplinary physics.

Careers in pure physics, meaning careers that involve only the intensive focus on physics as a subject, include the following positions:

1. Research Scientist

2. Physics education (e.g. physics tution)

3. Technical work (e.g. instrument technician)

4. Self-employment

Careers in interdisciplinary physics, however, are more numerous. The type of jobs also focus on physics, but requires one to have sufficient professional experience with other related occupational fields as well. These positions include, but are not limited to:

1. Engineering (e.g. electrical or mechanical)

2. Weather Forecaster

3. Systems Developer

4. Architecture

5. Consultant

6. Science Patent Examiner

7. Science Journalist