Law

When and How

Minimum qualification to go for a course in law (LLB) is 10+2. Course duration is of 5 years and is sponsored by the Bar Council Of India. P.G. Programmes in law (LLM) are of 2 years duration & eligibility is LLB degree. In addition to LL.B. degree, many universities and institutes also offer other diploma courses in several disciplines of law, including Administrative Law, International Law, Labour Laws, Tax Laws and Corporate Laws.

In most of the institutes/universities, selection is on the basis of an entrance test. The entrance examination is objective type in nature.

The questions invariably cover areas like

Reasoning,

General Awareness,

Numerical Aptitude,

Legal Aptitude

and Preliminary Political Science.

Top educational Institutions

There are number of institutions and universities conducting courses in law.

The most premier among law universities in India is National Law School Of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore. Admission to NLSIU is through an All India Admission Test held usually on first Sunday in May. University College Bangalore, Government College Mumbai, ILS law college and Symbiosis college, Pune and Faculty of Law of Delhi University, Aligarh Muslim University etc are some of the other leading legal Institutions in India.

Jobs and Careers

Practice law in the courts - Litigation

  • The traditional career in law  is to “practice law” in the courts.
  • The graduates are supposed to qualify a Bar Exam before they join the Courts of Law.
  • Litigation provides a wide range of employment options in both private and public spheres.
  • You may specialize in a particular field of law such as Taxation, Constitution, Family, etc. You can choose to focus on appellate work, trial-level practice, civil litigation or criminal cases.

Corporate Counsel/Law Officer

  • One may work with a business house as a legal counsel, advising on legal matters related to its business.
  • An in-house counsel plays an important role in drafting, vetting and negotiating contracts; ensuring and monitoring compliance with rules and laws; and handling legal disputes.
  • Private Sphere: One may join Multi National Corporations, Private companies, Private Banks, etc.
  • Public Sphere: Law Officers are also required in Government Agencies, Public Sector Undertakings, Public and Nationalized banks, etc.

Law Firms

  • Law Firms are business entities engaged in the practice of law, comprising several lawyers working together as one entity.
  • While serving  a law firm, one advises clients about their legal rights and recourses as well as other legal matters

Social Work

  • If you are passionate about socio-legal issues, then this is the right avenue for you.
  • One may work with NGOs and Civil Society Organizations on issues based on environmental protection, gender concerns, caste discrimination, employment, working conditions, marginalization of various sections of the society, etc.
  • Law school graduates are also offered opportunities to work with international organizations such as the United Nations and with international tribunals like International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, etc.

Judicial Services

  • If one wishes  to pursue a stable government career and be on the other side of the table, the State Judicial Services Examination are organized by the High Courts for their respective states to fill the vacavcies for judicial officers

Legal Process Outsourcing

  • Legal Processing outsourcing (LPO) is the delegation of core legal functions like making first drafts of cases, compliance work, legal research, etc. to an external counsel.
  • The assigned task is completed on the basis of set parameters and fixed timelines.
  • You can become an important part of reputed MNCs by forging a career in LPO.

Teaching/Academia

  • One can pursue intellectual interests and work on research projects, teach and coach.

Judicial Clerkship

  • Law clerks act as legal assistants whose duties vary from court to court and judge to judge.

Media and Law

  • Legal journalism covers legal proceedings in courts, arbitration events, criminal matters, etc., which are disseminated to the public.
  • Legal Publishing: Lawyers get an opportunity to work as editors for various types of print and electronic media. It is a good option for those with a knack for writing.
  • Law Reporting: One can take up a career as a law reporter with TV channels and newspapers. Ranging from high profile cases to concerns related to social issues and human rights, a new path for lawyers has opened up in this field.

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